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Organic farming practices

Organic farming practices

Facebook Muscle definition program. In organic systems, Nutritional strategies for nerve healing control weeds practicess are often Muscle definition program critical source of nutrients for cash crops through nitrogen fixation and Orgwnic manure. BCAA for strength training rOganic several practicrs of GM foodsincluding risks to both human health and to our environment. How Organic Farming Works. Have you ever noticed that weeds always seem to take over a bare patch of your lawn? These include maintaining or enhancing soil and water quality; conserving wetlands, woodlands, and wildlife; and avoiding use of synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, irradiation, and genetic engineering.

Organic farming practices -

Studies comparing yields have had mixed results. A meta-analysis found that productivity is typically lower for organic farming than conventional farming, but that the size of the difference depends on context and in some cases may be very small. Across global regions, Asia and Central Europe were found to have relatively higher yields and Northern Europe relatively lower than the average.

A study published in compared conventional cropping, organic animal-based cropping, and organic legume-based cropping on a test farm at the Rodale Institute over 22 years.

There was little difference in energy input between the different treatments for producing soybeans. In the organic systems, synthetic fertilizers and pesticides were generally not used".

As of the Rodale study was ongoing [] and a thirty-year anniversary report was published by Rodale in In spite of the considerably lower pesticide input the quality of organic products was hardly discernible from conventional analytically and even came off better in food preference trials and picture creating methods.

In the United States, organic farming has been shown to be 2. The profitability of organic agriculture can be attributed to a number of factors.

First, organic farmers do not rely on synthetic fertilizer and pesticide inputs, which can be costly. In addition, organic foods currently enjoy a price premium over conventionally produced foods, meaning that organic farmers can often get more for their yield.

The price premium for organic food is an important factor in the economic viability of organic farming. These percentages are based on wholesale fruit and vegetable prices, available through the United States Department of Agriculture's Economic Research Service.

For many producers, direct sales at farmers' markets are most profitable because the farmer receives the entire markup, however this is also the most time and labour-intensive approach. There have been signs of organic price premiums narrowing in recent years, which lowers the economic incentive for farmers to convert to or maintain organic production methods.

For markets and supermarkets organic food is profitable as well, and is generally sold at significantly higher prices than non-organic food.

Compared to conventional agriculture, the energy efficiency of organic farming depends upon crop type and farm size. Two studies — both comparing organically- versus conventionally-farmed apples — declare contradicting results, one saying organic farming is more energy efficient, the other saying conventionally is more efficient.

It has generally been found that the labor input per unit of yield was higher for organic systems compared with conventional production. Most sales are concentrated in developed nations. One theory for this change was that consumers were substituting "local" produce for "organic" produce.

The USDA requires that distributors, manufacturers, and processors of organic products be certified by an accredited state or private agency. This lowers the risk for the handler as well as the farmer.

organic food sales occur through farmers' markets, foodservices , and other marketing channels. The number of farms that utilize direct-to-consumer sales was , in in comparison to , in Some organic farms also sell products direct to retailer, direct to restaurant and direct to institution.

In comparison, only 0. While not all products sold at farmer's markets are certified organic, this direct-to-consumer avenue has become increasingly popular in local food distribution and has grown substantially since In , there were 8, farmer's markets in comparison to 3, in and 1, in , most of which are found in populated areas such as the Northeast, Midwest, and West Coast.

Organic production is more labour-intensive than conventional production. The UNEP Green Economy Report suggests that "[a]n increase in investment in green agriculture is projected to lead to growth in employment of about 60 per cent compared with current levels" and that "green agriculture investments could create 47 million additional jobs compared with BAU2 over the next 40 years".

Much of the growth in women labour participation in agriculture is outside the "male dominated field of conventional agriculture". In the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization FAO said that organic agriculture often leads to higher prices and hence a better income for farmers, so it should be promoted.

However, FAO stressed that organic farming could not feed the current human population, much less the larger future population. Both data and models showed that organic farming was far from sufficient. Therefore, chemical fertilizers were needed to avoid hunger. Also NEPAD , a development organization of African governments, announced that feeding Africans and preventing malnutrition requires fertilizers and enhanced seeds.

Organic agriculture can contribute to ecological sustainability, especially in poorer countries. and therefore cost-effectiveness. Local and international markets for organic products show tremendous growth prospects and offer creative producers and exporters excellent opportunities to improve their income and living conditions.

Organic agriculture is knowledge intensive. Globally, capacity building efforts are underway, including localized training material, to limited effect. As of , the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements hosted more than free manuals and 75 training opportunities online.

In the United Nations Environmental Programme UNEP and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development UNCTAD stated that "organic agriculture can be more conducive to food security in Africa than most conventional production systems, and that it is more likely to be sustainable in the long-term" [] and that "yields had more than doubled where organic, or near-organic practices had been used" and that soil fertility and drought resistance improved.

The value of organic agriculture OA in the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals MDG , particularly in poverty reduction efforts in the face of climate change, is shown by its contribution to both income and non-income aspects of the MDGs.

These benefits are expected to continue in the post-MDG era. A series of case studies conducted in selected areas in Asian countries by the Asian Development Bank Institute ADBI and published as a book compilation by ADB in Manila document these contributions to both income and non-income aspects of the MDGs.

These include poverty alleviation by way of higher incomes, improved farmers' health owing to less chemical exposure, integration of sustainable principles into rural development policies, improvement of access to safe water and sanitation, and expansion of global partnership for development as small farmers are integrated in value chains.

A related ADBI study also sheds on the costs of OA programs and set them in the context of the costs of attaining the MDGs. The results show considerable variation across the case studies, suggesting that there is no clear structure to the costs of adopting OA. Costs depend on the efficiency of the OA adoption programs.

The lowest cost programs were more than ten times less expensive than the highest cost ones. However, further analysis of the gains resulting from OA adoption reveals that the costs per person taken out of poverty was much lower than the estimates of the World Bank, [] based on income growth in general or based on the detailed costs of meeting some of the more quantifiable MDGs e.

Agriculture imposes negative externalities upon society through public land and other public resource use, biodiversity loss, erosion , pesticides , nutrient pollution , subsidized water usage, subsidy payments and assorted other problems.

Positive externalities include self-reliance, entrepreneurship, respect for nature, and air quality. Overall land use is generally higher for organic methods, but organic methods generally use less energy in production. Measurements of biodiversity are highly variable between studies, farms, and organism groups.

A review found that the positive effects of organic farming on abundance were prominent at the plot and field scales, but not for farms in matched landscapes. Other studies that have attempted to examine and compare conventional and organic systems of farming and have found that organic techniques reduce levels of biodiversity less than conventional systems do, and use less energy and produce less waste when calculated per unit area, although not when calculated per unit of output.

However, the leaching rates per unit of output were similar or slightly higher. It has been proposed that organic agriculture can reduce the level of some negative externalities from conventional agriculture. Whether the benefits are private, or public depends upon the division of property rights.

According to a meta analysis published in , compared to conventional agriculture, biological agriculture has a higher land requirement per yield unit, a higher eutrophication potential, a higher acidification potential and a lower energy requirement, but is associated with similarly high greenhouse gas emissions.

A to investigation by the Cranfield University for the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs in the UK found that it is difficult to compare the Global warming potential , acidification and eutrophication emissions but "Organic production often results in increased burdens, from factors such as N leaching and N 2 O emissions", even though primary energy use was less for most organic products.

N 2 O is always the largest global warming potential contributor except in tomatoes. However, "organic tomatoes always incur more burdens except pesticide use ". As of it seems that organic agriculture can help in mitigating climate change but only if used in certain ways.

Researchers at Oxford University analysed 71 peer-reviewed studies and observed that organic products are sometimes worse for the environment. They also sought to find specific solutions to specific circumstances. A review article in the Annual Review of Resource Economics found that organic agriculture is more polluting per unit of output and that widespread upscaling of organic agriculture would cause additional loss of natural habitats.

Proponents of organic farming have claimed that organic agriculture emphasizes closed nutrient cycles, biodiversity, and effective soil management providing the capacity to mitigate and even reverse the effects of climate change [] and that organic agriculture can decrease fossil fuel emissions.

By converting to organic farms in developed countries where most arable land is accounted for, [] increased deforestation would decrease overall carbon sequestration.

According to a meta-analysis of 71 studies, nitrogen leaching, nitrous oxide emissions, ammonia emissions, eutrophication potential and acidification potential were higher for organic products.

Specifically, the emission per area of land is lower, but per amount of food produced is higher. Excess nutrients in lakes, rivers, and groundwater can cause algal blooms , eutrophication , and subsequent dead zones. In addition, nitrates are harmful to aquatic organisms by themselves.

Professor Wolfgang Branscheid says that organic animal production is not good for the environment, because organic chicken requires twice as much land as "conventional" chicken and organic pork a quarter more.

SRI methods for rice production, without external inputs, have produced record yields on some farms, [] [] but not others. In organic farming the use of synthetic pesticides and certain natural compounds that are produced using chemical synthesis are prohibited. The organic labels restrictions are not only based on the nature of the compound, but also on the method of production.

A non-exhaustive list of organic approved pesticides with their median lethal doses :. While there may be some differences in the amounts of nutrients and anti-nutrients when organically produced food and conventionally-produced food are compared, the variable nature of food production and handling makes it difficult to generalize results, and there is insufficient evidence to make claims that organic food is safer or healthier than conventional food.

Supporters claim that organically managed soil has a higher quality [] and higher water retention. Organic farming can build up soil organic matter better than conventional no-till farming, which suggests long-term yield benefits from organic farming. In Dirt: The Erosion of Civilizations , geomorphologist David Montgomery outlines a coming crisis from soil erosion.

Agriculture relies on roughly one meter of topsoil , and that is being depleted ten times faster than it is being replaced. However, a study by the USDA's Agricultural Research Service has found that manure applications in tilled organic farming are better at building up the soil than no-till.

Gunsmoke Farms, a square kilometres 53 square miles organic farming project in South Dakota , suffered from massive soil erosion as result of tiling after it switched to organic farming.

The conservation of natural resources and biodiversity is a core principle of organic production. Advantages to certified organic operations that implement these types of production practices include: 1 decreased dependence on outside fertility inputs; 2 reduced pest-management costs; 3 more reliable sources of clean water; and 4 better pollination.

Nearly all non-crop, naturally occurring [] species observed in comparative farm land practice studies show a preference for organic farming both by abundance and diversity. Lack of herbicides and pesticides improve biodiversity fitness and population density.

Organic farming contributes to human capital by promoting biodiversity. The presence of various species in organic farms helps to reduce human input, such as fertilizers, and pesticides, which enhances sustainability.

The USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service AMS published a Federal Register notice on 15 January , announcing the National Organic Program NOP final guidance on Natural Resources and Biodiversity Conservation for Certified Organic Operations.

Given the broad scope of natural resources which includes soil, water, wetland, woodland and wildlife, the guidance provides examples of practices that support the underlying conservation principles and demonstrate compliance with USDA organic regulations § A wide range of organisms benefit from organic farming, but it is unclear whether organic methods confer greater benefits than conventional integrated agri-environmental programs.

agri-environment schemes ; 2 Many comparative studies encounter methodological problems, limiting their ability to draw quantitative conclusions; 3 Our knowledge of the impacts of organic farming in pastoral and upland agriculture is limited; 4 There remains a pressing need for longitudinal, system-level studies in order to address these issues and to fill in the gaps in our knowledge of the impacts of organic farming, before a full appraisal of its potential role in biodiversity conservation in agroecosystems can be made.

Organic agriculture is often considered to be more socially just and economically sustainable for farmworkers than conventional agriculture. However, there is little social science research or consensus as to whether or not organic agriculture provides better working conditions than conventional agriculture.

Although illnesses from inputs pose less of a risk [ dubious — discuss ] , hired workers still fall victim to debilitating musculoskeletal disorders associated with agricultural work. The USDA certification requirements outline growing practices and ecological standards but do nothing to codify labour practices.

Independent certification initiatives such as the Agricultural Justice Project, Domestic Fair Trade Working Group, and the Food Alliance have attempted to implement farmworker interests but because these initiatives require voluntary participation of organic farms, their standards cannot be widely enforced.

Many actors of the organic industry believe that enforcing labour standards would be unnecessary, [] unacceptable, [] or unviable due to the constraints of the market. The EU-organic production-regulation is a part of the European Union regulation that sets rules about the production of organic agricultural and livestock products and how to label them.

In the EU, organic farming and organic food are more commonly known as ecological or biological. The regulation is derived from the guidelines of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM , which is an association of about member organizations in countries. As in the rest of the world, the organic market in Europe continues to grow and more land is farmed organically each year.

Denmark has a long ongoing support for converting conventional farming into organic farming, which has been taught in academic classes in universities since The state began substitutes and has promoted a special national label for products that qualify as organic since Denmark is thus the first country in the world to substitute organic farming, promoting the concept and organizing the distribution of organic products.

This financial support has in recent years been cut due to organic farming increasing in profitability, and some goods surpassing the profitability of conventional farming in domestic markets.

In general, the financial situation of organic farmers in Denmark boomed between and , while in serious nationwide long-lasting droughts stagnated the economic results of organic farmers; however, the average farmer still achieved a net positive result that year. The first Danish private development organisation, SamsØkologisk, was established in , by veteran organic farmers from the existing organisation Økologisk Samsø.

The development organisation has intentions to buy and invest in farmland and then lend the land to young and aspiring farmers seeking to get into farming, especially organic farming.

This organisation reports economical active members as of , but does not publish the amount of acquired land or active lenders. However, the organic farming concept in Denmark is often not limited to organic farming as the definition is globally. Instead, the majority of organic farming is instead "ecological farming".

The development of this concept has been parallel with the general organic farming movement, and is most often used interchangeable with organic farming. Thus, there is a much stronger focus on the environmental and especially the ecological impact of ecological farming than organic farming.

For these reasons, international organic products do not fulfill the requirements of ecological farming and thus do not receive the domestic label for ecological products, rather they receive the standard European Union organic label.

The Chinese government, especially the local government, has provided various supports for the development of organic agriculture since the s. Organic farming has been recognized by local governments for its potential in promoting sustainable rural development. The government also establishes demonstration organic gardens, provides training for organic food companies to pass certifications, subsidizes organic certification fees, pest repellent lamps, organic fertilizer and so on.

The government has also been playing an active role in marketing organic products through organizing organic food expos and branding supports. The South Indian state Andhra Pradesh is also promoting organic farming, especially Zero Budget Natural Farming ZBNF which is a form of regenerative agriculture.

The Dominican Republic has successfully converted a large amount of its banana crop to organic. The most noticeable change in Korea's agriculture occurred throughout the s and s. More specifically, the " Green Revolution " [] program where South Korea experienced reforestations and agricultural revolution.

Due to a food shortage during Park Chung Hee 's presidency, the government encouraged rice varieties suited for organic farming.

In modern society, organic farming and food policies have changed, more specifically since the s. As expected, the guidelines focus on basic dietary recommendations for consumption of nutrients and Korean-style diets.

In Thailand, the Institute for Sustainable Agricultural Communities ISAC was established in to promote organic farming among other sustainable agricultural practices. The national target via the National Plan for Organic Farming is to attain, by , 1.

Much progress has been made: [] [] []. The United States Department of Agriculture Rural Development USDARD was created in as a subsection of the USDA that implements programs to stimulate growth in rural communities. in when compared to Employment on organic farms offers potentially large numbers of jobs for people, and this may better manage the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Moreover, sustainable forestry, fishing, and mining, and other conservation-oriented activities provide larger numbers of jobs than more fossil fuel and mechanized work. As was the case with most countries, Sri Lanka made the transition away from organic farming upon the arrival of the Green Revolution, whereupon it started depending more on chemical fertilizers.

This became a highly popularized method when the nation started offering subsidies on the import of artificial fertilizers to increase rice paddy production, and to incentivize farmers to switch from growing traditional varieties into using high yielding varieties HYVs.

Some even resorted to organic farming or utilizing insecticide free fertilizers for their crops. Horgan and E. Kudavidanage, the researchers compared crop yields of farmers in Sri Lanka who employed distinct farming techniques including organic farmers who grew traditional varieties, and insecticide-free fertilizer users and pesticide users who grew modern varieties.

Regardless, many farmers continued to use insecticides to avoid the predicted dangers of pests to their crops, and the cheap sale of agrochemicals provided an easy approach to augment crop growth.

Additionally, while organic farming has health benefits, it's a strenuous task which requires more man power. Thus, most farmers relied on modern methods to run their household, especially after the economic stressors brought on by COVID However, while Sri Lanka was still facing the new challenges of the pandemic, in the presidential election campaign, the president, Gotabaya Rajapaksa proposed a year, national transition to organic farming to declare Sri Lanka as the first nation to be known for its organic produce.

This included fears that the mandate would harm the yields of the country's major crops despite claims to the contrary , that the country would not be able to produce enough organic fertilizer domestically, and organic farming being more expensive and complex than conventional agriculture.

Of special concern was rice and tea , which are a staple food and major export respectively. Despite it being a record crop in the first half of , the tea crop began to decline in July of that year. In November , the country partially lifted the ban on inorganic farming for certain key crops such as rubber and tea, and began to offer compensation and subsidies to farmers and rice producers in an attempt to cover losses.

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Main article: History of organic farming. See also: Biological pest control and Integrated Pest Management. Main articles: Genetically modified crops , Genetically modified food , and Genetically modified food controversies. Main article: Organic certification.

Main article: Organic food. Main article: Soil conservation. Main article: Organic farming and biodiversity. This section needs expansion.

You can help by adding to it. March Agroecology Biointensive Biological pest control Certified Naturally Grown Holistic management agriculture List of countries by organic farmland List of organic food topics List of organic gardening and farming topics List of pest-repelling plants Natural Farming Organic farming by continent Organic lawn management Organic movement Organic food culture Permaculture.

Retrieved 21 March USDA National Agricultural Library. October Biological farming and 'bio' products are terms often used in European countries as equivalent to organic farming. Journal of Environment Protection and Sustainable Development — via Academia.

Retrieved 30 September USDA List of Allowed and Prohibited Substances in Organic Agriculture. Archived from the original on 28 December Retrieved 6 April Scientific American. Retrieved 29 May National Agricultural Library.

Archived from the original on 7 August Retrieved 1 March FiBL and IFOAM. Retrieved 20 February Wageningen Plant Research. Integrated pest management for crops and pastures. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN H In William Lockeretz ed. Organic Farming: An International History. Retrieved 30 April The Origins of the Organic Movement.

Glasgow, Great Britain: Floris Books. Cultural Boundaries of Science: Credibility on the Line. Chicago, Il. In Lockeretz W ed. CABI Publishing. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. doi : S2CID Archived from the original PDF on 9 August Retrieved 2 February Organic Crop Production - Ambitions and Limitations.

Archived from the original on 8 March Retrieved 6 March Journal of Organic Systems. Acres, USA. Archived from the original on 23 April Retrieved 15 October Soil And Health Library.

Archived from the original PDF on 1 August Retrieved 11 May Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved 1 January Pages In U. Sommer and B Worm editors, Competition and Coexistence. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany. Food and organization of the united nations. Retrieved 15 November Organics Europe.

Soil Use and Management. Preprint with free full-text. The Truth About Organic Farming. Weed Management for Organic Farmers. Iowa State University Extension Bulletin Archived from the original on 3 March Retrieved 3 February Last Updated: 23 March An Organic Weed Control Toolbox Archived 28 August at the Wayback Machine.

The Big Book of Self-Reliant Living: Advice and Information on Just About Everything You Need to Know to Live on Planet Earth. Weeding With Geese Archived 23 September at the Wayback Machine. University of Missouri Extension Bulletin G Archived from the original PDF on 8 July Retrieved 13 February Some Pesticides Permitted in Organic Gardening.

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Environmental Research Letters, 12 6. Organic production is characterised by a significantly lower yield than under conventional production.

The gap for organic maize yields and milk yields is lower, but may still represent a strong disincentive if not compensated by higher prices. Lower yields seem however to be counterbalanced by higher producer prices.

Price premium for milk producers are on average lower. FiBL and IFOAM Organics International. European Commission. Archived from the original PDF on 6 September Retrieved 19 January Archived from the original PDF on 29 November Retrieved 7 October Archived from the original on 27 September Retrieved 8 October Archived from the original on 4 March Retrieved 4 February Statistics and Emerging Trends ".

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Crop Management. In humans, GM foods are assessed for nutritional content, toxicity levels and any allergic reactions that might occur from eating them. Of concern to the environment is the possibility that a GMO can be introduced into wild populations, with the development of pesticide-resistant insects.

Possible detrimental consequences to plant and wildlife biodiversity are also under investigation. Unlike the strict standards in place for organic farmers, there is no mandate that foods containing GMOs must be labeled as such in the U. At the 12th Scientific Conference of the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements IFOAM in , more than 60 countries voted unanimously against the use of GMOs in food production and agriculture because they felt there were unacceptable risks involved: threats to human health, a negative and irreversible environmental impact, incompatibility with sustainable agriculture, and a violation of rights for both farmers and consumers.

Growing your own produce can minimize any anxiety you may have about where your food comes from, but not all of us were born with a green thumb. Finding organic products is getting easier, and your local grocery store may be stocking more than you remember seeing last time you looked.

Another place where you can feel good about the tomatoes you buy is at your local farmers' market, and depending on where you live, you may be able to join a local co-op or buy a share in a community-supported organic farm. Or, try ordering by mail or online -- some producers will ship.

In the next section, we'll discuss the government standards for organic farming and how organic farmers become certified. Ask a few conventional farmers why they haven't transitioned to organic farming and each will give you a different answer.

The answers usually have to do with one larger reason, though: agricultural economics. Some studies show organic farms produce smaller yields than conventional farms; organic farms yield only 75 to 90 percent of the crop of conventional farms.

Farming organic foods and products requires meeting federal rules and regulations, often making the process more labor and management intensive. It takes about three years to transition from conventional farming techniques to organic methods, and it requires documentation of an organic plan along with additional paperwork and inspections.

In , the U. Congress adopted the Organic Foods Production Act OFPA as part of the Farm Bill , and the USDA issued uniform standards used to certify organic methods. All products sold as organic must come from certified producers. Since , the USDA's National Organic Program NOP oversees organic certification.

Third-party independent organizations accredited by the USDA handle evaluations and inspections of producers, processors and handlers -- it's not just the farmers who must follow the rules, but also the people they work with -- to determine whether or not they uphold organic methods and practices.

Those who meet the guidelines are certified and allowed to use organic labeling and to market their products as organic. USDA regulations allow products with at least 95 percent organic ingredients to be labeled "USDA Organic" [source: USDA ].

Organic certification is costly but is not intended to be prohibitive. Data shows that only 0. While the government is not spending its money on organics, consumers are. The market grew 20 percent to 24 percent annually during the s.

And recently the Hartman Group reported that 90 percent of American consumers were either buying or considering buying organic products, up from 60 percent two years ago [source: Hartman Group ]. Organics get good press because they appear in studies to be healthier for our planet and us. The American Cancer Society estimates that 85 percent of cancers are from environmental toxins, such as pesticides, and not from genetic causes.

Eating an organic diet as prescribed by federal guidelines has shown in a study supported by the Environmental Protection Agency to decrease detectable levels of pesticides in children. Current studies also confirm that organic farming is good for the environment: It requires less water , there are fewer toxic pesticides released, soil erosion is minimal, and a recent study by the Soil Association saw improved nutrient levels in organic foods [source: Soil Association ].

Researchers are continuing to look at ways to improve upon organic farming practices, including methods of animal health care such as homeopathy , uses of organic pesticides and the environmental impacts of organic and conventional farming. In the next section, we will look at the criticisms of organic farming along with how organic farming may cure some ills of the modern-day agriculture industry.

Austrian scientist Rudolf Steiner, a freethinker who combined methods of organic farming with spirituality, introduced biodynamic agriculture in Biodynamic farming is a nonchemical agricultural movement that emphasizes the health-giving forces of nature and predates organic agriculture by about 20 years.

Methods unique to biodynamic farming include herbal and mineral additives in compost and the use of an astronomical calendar with which to base planting and harvesting.

There are mixed feelings from conventional farmers and the agricultural industry about organic farming. Many in the industry are not convinced organic foods are more nutritious or that organic methods trump scientific advances, citing for example that farming with Genetically Modified Organisms GMOs to help lessen world hunger outweighs any potential environmental risk.

Restricted use of antibiotics in organic farming has led to concern about high levels of microbes in manure, in turn causing food poisoning such as E. There is a lack of sufficient evidence to prove organics suffer from a higher than conventional level of microbes, but right now studies favor organic products.

The Soil Association suggests the handling of manures on organic farms are actually more likely to reduce levels of organisms, and that less than 5 percent of food poisoning outbreaks are due to fruit and vegetable contamination. Research continues to be conducted on the use of organic waste in all types of farming.

Additionally, a report in suggests organic and free-range chickens might be more likely to have Campylobacter infections, a known cause of food poisoning. Subsequent studies are underway. Even as organic farming methods work to protect the environment by building healthy soils and emphasizing natural systems, without proper management and knowledge, organic practices can create pathogen problems.

The environmental benefits of organic farming are a hotly debated topic, and researchers continue to study how sustainable methods may help cure -- or at least help negate -- some of the effects of any environmental hazards produced by the modern-day agricultural system, hopefully reducing levels of chemicals put into the soil and atmosphere and our bodies.

Conventional wisdom follows that the more we understand about our food sources and how they affect our bodies and the environment, the better. com article:. Sign up for our Newsletter! Mobile Newsletter banner close. Mobile Newsletter chat close. Mobile Newsletter chat dots.

Mobile Newsletter chat avatar. Mobile Newsletter chat subscribe. Environmental Science. Green Science. How Organic Farming Works. By: Maria Trimarchi. Share Content on Facebook Share Content on LinkedIn Share Content on Flipboard Share Content on Reddit Share Content via Email. Demand for organic products has increased in the wake of food-industry related scares like mad cow disease.

Contents Composting and Crop Rotation Genetically Modified Foods Organic Standards and Certifications Organic Farming Criticism. Composting and Crop Rotation " " New York Department of Parks and Recreation workers load Christmas trees into a mulch machine for use in compost and landscaping.

Yard trimmings -- wood chips, grass clippings and leaves Food waste -- coffee grounds, tea bags, and fruits and vegetables Manures -- poultry, cow and horse.

How Does Your Garden Grow? Soil - put your kitchen scraps to good use: Make your own compost. While there are highly advanced ways of composting, an easy way to start is in your kitchen. Throw coffee grounds, vegetable peels, eggshells and other scraps into a small compost pail and use the rubbish as mulch.

Plants - mix and match flowers and vegetables in your bed, making it more difficult for insects to feast on your vegetable buffet. Get rid of pests - love the ladybug. Ladybugs are healthy, good bugs that feed on aphids. Attract them by planting fennel, dill, dandelions and geraniums.

Crushed garlic can be used as insect repellent by mixing crushed garlic with water and spraying it onto your plants. As it turns out, insects don't like the smell of garlicky leaves any more than humans like garlicky breath. Read More. Genetically Modified Foods " " A single seed of hybrid cherry tomatoes, named Summer Sun.

What is Biodynamic Farming? With the outbreak of E. Coli being linked by the FDA to bagged spinach from a Natural Selection Foods plant, growers are trying to recoup losses. Lots More Information Related HowStuffWorks articles How Composting Works How Food Works How Food Preservation Works How Organic Food Works What are genetically modified GM foods?

Organic Orgamic a Organic farming practices farking working and living BCAA for strength training harmony with nature. Practkces result is healthy soilwhich grows healthy plantswhich make for healthy people. By abstaining from synthetic inputs and encouraging natural systems, organic farmers help create a better future for people, animals, and the environment. Learn the differences between conventional and organic methods. Explore how regenerative organic agriculture goes beyond sustainable. Even with good Muscle definition program, there practicws BCAA for strength training best of the best. So it is with organic Orgajic. Organic farming techniques have long been Orgaanic to help foster Achieving healthy insulin sensitivity restore soil health, Sports psychology benefits soil organic carbon and Muscle definition program underground biodiversity. Fagming some organic strategies provide a bigger bang for soil health than others. The review of more than studies from around the world on the benefits of organic farming to soil health and climate change mitigation illuminates specific organic farming practices that are the best of the best in supporting healthy soils. The Organic Center highlights the main findings in their latest report here. The study, published in the scientific journal Organic Agricultureidentifies four practices that are the most critical to good soil health:.

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Organic \u0026 Sustainable Farming

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