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Foot cramps at night

Foot cramps at night

Foot cramps at night, cramp might be more at risk for Kale and couscous recipes cramps if you sit with poor posture. As qt age, they Foot cramps at night nighht be more likely to have leg cramps at niyht. Medically reviewed by William Morrison, M. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; Sometimes referred to as muscle spasms or charley horsesthey occur when one or more of the muscles in the leg tighten involuntarily. Magnesium is another helpful mineral that helps relax the muscles and promotes healthy blood flow throughout the body, including feet, calves, thighs, and legs.

Foot cramps at night -

People can treat most muscle cramps at home by resting the affected muscles, drinking water with electrolytes, and applying warm or cold compresses. People can reduce foot cramps related to exercise by reducing the amount or intensity of their workouts. Getting a deep tissue massage and stretching may also help relieve tight muscles.

Muscle cramps related to mineral deficiencies may improve with dietary changes. Leafy green vegetables, legumes, and nuts are all rich sources of magnesium. Many fruits and vegetables also contain high quantities of potassium. People who experience frequent foot cramps may want to consider changing their shoes.

Not wearing shoes with high heels and pointed toes may help prevent future foot cramps. People can also purchase shoe inserts with arch support. People who have severe or persistent foot cramps that do not improve with stretching or other at-home treatments can speak to their doctor about other treatment options.

A doctor may recommend medications such as topical pain relievers or muscle relaxants, or they may suggest another type of therapy.

According to a review , people have used quinine in the past to treat nocturnal muscle cramps. However, the Food and Drug Administration FDA do not recommend using quinine for treating or preventing leg cramps due to the risk of severe side effects.

Many people can treat cramps at home with stretches and rest. A doctor can help identify other underlying causes of foot cramps, such as nutritional deficiencies and medication side effects. People who develop foot cramps after starting a new medication should discuss this and any other side effects with their doctor.

A person should not stop taking prescription medication without first consulting a healthcare professional. People who experience frequent foot cramps that impact their sleep or daily lives may want to speak with a doctor about possible causes.

People can also discuss treatment options with a doctor if their foot cramps do not improve after trying at-home methods. If nocturnal foot cramps do not improve after 2 weeks , a person should see their doctor.

People can treat most causes of nocturnal foot cramps with rest and at-home treatments, such as stretching and making dietary changes.

People who experience severe or persistent foot cramps may want to speak with a doctor about possible treatment strategies. Muscle relaxants and topical pain relievers may help reduce painful muscle cramps. A doctor may also recommend wearing different shoes or using shoe inserts for extra arch support.

Leg cramps at night are often linked with overuse or underuse of the muscles, but medical conditions may also be the cause. Learn more about…. Leg muscle cramps are common, but they can be uncomfortable and very painful. In this article, learn about how to treat and prevent them.

Leg cramps are often harmless, and most people wait for them to pass or use home remedies. However, they can indicate an underlying problem.

Find out…. Toe cramps can have a variety of causes. Learn more about the causes of toe cramps and how to treat them here. My podcast changed me Can 'biological race' explain disparities in health? Why Parkinson's research is zooming in on the gut Tools General Health Drugs A-Z Health Hubs Health Tools Find a Doctor BMI Calculators and Charts Blood Pressure Chart: Ranges and Guide Breast Cancer: Self-Examination Guide Sleep Calculator Quizzes RA Myths vs Facts Type 2 Diabetes: Managing Blood Sugar Ankylosing Spondylitis Pain: Fact or Fiction Connect About Medical News Today Who We Are Our Editorial Process Content Integrity Conscious Language Newsletters Sign Up Follow Us.

Medical News Today. Health Conditions Health Products Discover Tools Connect. Medically reviewed by Deborah Weatherspoon, Ph. Causes Treatment Stretches Home remedies Medication Prevention Risk factors Diagnosis When to see a doctor Summary Foot cramps at night are a classic sign of muscle fatigue.

Share on Pinterest A person may develop foot cramps because of muscle fatigue. Stretches and exercises. At-home treatments. Risk factors. When to see a doctor.

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The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description.

For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider. Want to stay signed on? We are unable to switch you to this area of care. Preventing Foot Cramps. Skip Navigation. Overview Tips to prevent foot cramps include the following: Take a warm bath and do some stretching exercises before you go to bed if cramps wake you at night.

Warm up well and stretch before any activity. Drink plenty of water before, during, and after you are active. Eat a diet rich in potassium , magnesium , and calcium. Related Information Toe, Foot, and Ankle Problems, Noninjury.

Credits Current as of: July 17, Next Section: Related Information ». Previous Section: « Overview. Next Section: Credits ». Previous Section: « Related Information. Current as of: July 17, Topic Contents Overview Related Information Credits.

Top of the page. Nutritional support for aging adults crams prevent foot cramps Enhance metabolism naturally the following:. Avoid pointing your toes while you stretch. Try not to sleep with your toes pointed. Keep your legs warm while sleeping. Stretch after exercise to keep warmed-up muscles from shortening and cramping. Foot cramps at night

Leg cramps charley horses are a common nocturnal symptom Fot can be difficult to manage because njght uncertainties about etiology, appropriate diagnostic evaluation, aat optimal treatment.

Nocturnal leg cramps are reported by 50 Blackberry and apple crumble recipe 60 percent of adults and by niight 7 percent of children. They are slightly more common in women, and the prevalence increases with age.

Foott Foot cramps at night 20 percent of patients who experience leg cramps have daily symptoms that are OMAD and autophagy enough for the patient to seek af attention. Leg cramps are painful and incapacitating, lasting an average of Foot cramps at night minutes per episode.

The acute episode may be followed by hours of recurrent episodes and residual pain. Leg cramps are usually nocturnal xt are associated cramsp secondary insomnia. Nutrient absorption in the nutrient-rich capillaries posterior xt muscles usually are involved, but Nutritional support for aging adults of the Foot cramps at night and thigh also are common.

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Muscle cramps are reported niyht an adverse effect for hundreds of medications, but only nibht few are specific to the Fot. Medication-related leg cramps are most commonly associated with intravenous iron sucrose, conjugated estrogens, raloxifene Evistacranps Naprosyn Foot cramps at night, and teriparatide Forteoalthough the overall incidence is very low Table 1.

A recent study found an association between leg cramps and xt use dramps quinine in cgamps year following new niyht for Foot cramps at night, statins, and inhaled long-acting beta 2 agonists.

However, the study was complicated Mental alertness routines worsening disease states such as crxmps disease Nutritional support for aging adults by increased patient-physician contact.

Several medical conditions are associated with leg cramps Table 2. A study of outpatient veterans reported leg cramps in 75 percent of those with peripheral vascular disease, 63 percent of crampps with cramos, and Fooot percent of those crwmps coronary artery disease.

Lumbar canal stenosis also is associated with leg cramps. Venous insufficiency is also linked to leg cramps, but research has not demonstrated that cramps are caused by tissue hypoxia or toxic metabolites, and treatment of venous insufficiency has not been shown to relieve cramps.

The patient history is the key to identifying the possible cause of leg cramps. Nocturnal occurrence, visible muscle tightening, and sudden, intense pain are typical manifestations. The description of symptoms should differentiate leg cramps from other common conditions Table 3.

Diabetes mellitus, low vitamin B 12 level, alcoholism, human immunodeficiency virus infection. Restless legs syndrome is marked by an irresistible urge to move or shake the legs and does not cause pain or tight muscles. Despite these marked differences, studies have shown difficulty in distinguishing restless legs syndrome from leg cramps.

Hypnic myoclonus is a sudden jerk that often occurs at the onset of sleep. Periodic limb movement disorder is a nonpainful, repetitive, rhythmic, slow dorsiflexion of the toes, knees, and hips during sleep. The movements last for seconds and recur at intervals of seconds to about one minute.

Myalgias and myositis, which sometimes occur with statin therapy, can manifest in any muscle group and lead to deep, aching pain, weakness, and poor exercise tolerance. Localized muscle fatigue is known to cause cramps, and may arise in a sedentary person with straining or exercise.

Conversely, patients in good physical condition may experience leg cramps with a change in the intensity of their exercise routine. The history must include a review of medications Table 1 11 and existing medical conditions.

Although associated medical conditions are important to identify and discuss, no data suggest that treatment of these conditions improves symptoms of leg cramps.

Physical examination rarely demonstrates leg cramps because they are involuntary, unpredictable, and usually nocturnal. Examination findings may indicate a potential underlying medical cause, such as peripheral vascular disease.

Appropriate examination includes inspection of the legs and feet, palpation of pulses, and evaluation of touch and pinprick sensation, strength, and deep tendon reflexes. Blood pressure should be measured to assess cardiac and vascular risk factors.

Neurologic disease may also manifest as tremor, gait disturbance, or asymmetry. Routine blood tests are not helpful in the diagnosis because leg cramps have no proven association with electrolyte abnormalities, anemia, glucose levels, thyroid function, or kidney disease.

Similarly, other diagnostic studies such as nerve conduction studies, ultrasonography, and angiography are not necessary unless indicated to confirm specific medical conditions. No current treatments for leg cramps have been proven both safe and effective.

Passive stretching and deep tissue massage are harmless, patient-controlled maneuvers that may be suggested as a therapeutic trial despite limited proof of effectiveness. One randomized study of patients discontinuing quinine showed no effect from stretching; however, gastrocnemius stretching has long been recommended to prevent leg cramps.

Anecdotal evidence suggests that mild exercise, such as a few minutes on a stationary bicycle or treadmill before bedtime, can relieve nocturnal leg cramps. Quinine has shown some effectiveness for nocturnal leg cramps but is no longer recommended. Inthe U. Food and Drug Administration issued a warning about multiple drug interactions with quinine, and stated that the potential for serious adverse effects outweighs the modest benefit of the drug.

Cardiac arrhythmias, cinchonism causing headache, tinnitus, and dizzinessand hemolytic uremic syndrome can occur from toxic levels of quinine.

Small studies have shown some benefit from other medications. Because of the low quality of evidence, no medication can be recommended for routine treatment of leg cramps; however, carisoprodol Somadiltiazem, gabapentin, orphenadrine Norflexverapamil, and vitamin B 12 complex may be considered in some patients.

There is no research on how treating underlying medical conditions impacts the symptom of leg cramps. Differentiating leg cramps from restless legs syndrome may be challenging, 17 and a trial of dopaminergic drugs is a reasonable approach for a patient with mixed symptoms.

Figure 1 is an algorithm for the evaluation and treatment of nocturnal leg cramps. Data Sources: We searched PubMed using the search term leg cramps. We examined clinical trials, randomized clinical trials, meta-analyses, and review articles, as well as the bibliographies of selected articles.

Cochrane and Essential Evidence Plus were also searched. Search dates: September and October Abdulla AJ, Jones PW, Pearce VR. Leg cramps in the elderly: prevalence, drug and disease associations.

Int J Clin Pract. Oboler SK, Prochazka AV, Meyer TJ. Leg symptoms in outpatient veterans. West J Med. Leung AK, Wong BE, Chan PY, Cho HY. Nocturnal leg cramps in children: incidence and clinical characteristics. J Natl Med Assoc. Olney RK, Aminoff MJ. Weakness, myalgias, disorders of movement, and imbalance.

In: Harrison TR, Braunwald E, et al. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; Sontag SJ, Wanner JN. The cause of leg cramps and knee pains: an hypothesis and effective treatment.

Med Hypotheses. Schwellnus MP, Nicol J, Laubscher R, Noakes TD. Serum electrolyte concentrations and hydration status are not associated with exercise associated muscle cramping EAMC in distance runners. Br J Sports Med. Sulzer NU, Schwellnus MP, Noakes TD.

Serum electrolytes in Ironman triathletes with exercise-associated muscle cramping. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Noordzij M, Boeschoten EW, Bos WJ, et al.

Disturbed mineral metabolism is associated with muscle and skin complaints in a prospective cohort of dialysis patients. Nephrol Dial Transplant. Baskol M, Ozbakir O, Coskun R, Baskol G, Saraymen R, Yucesoy M. The role of serum zinc and other factors on the prevalence of muscle cramps in non-alcoholic cirrhotic patients.

J Clin Gastroenterol. Clinical pharmacology. Elsevier gold standard. com password required. Accessed June 23, Garrison SR, Dormuth CR, Morrow RL, Carney GA, Khan KM.

: Foot cramps at night

14 Causes of Leg Cramps at Night - How to Prevent Leg Cramps KIRBY, MD, is a faculty member at the St. Some chronic medical conditions may also put a person at risk for chronic leg cramps , such as:. Scientists discover biological mechanism of hearing loss caused by loud noise — and find a way to prevent it. More in Pubmed. Scientists discover biological mechanism of hearing loss caused by loud noise — and find a way to prevent it. Bromocriptine Parlodel , bupropion Wellbutrin , celecoxib Celebrex , cetirizine Zyrtec , chromium, cinacalcet Sensipar , ciprofloxacin Cipro , citalopram Celexa , clonazepam Klonopin , donepezil Aricept , eszopiclone Lunesta , fluoxetine Prozac , gabapentin Neurontin , lansoprazole Prevacid , rivastigmine Exelon , sertraline Zoloft , telmisartan Micardis , zolpidem Ambien. How to treat and prevent nighttime foot cramps.
Hear What Our Patients Are Saying. Leg cramps at night are unlikely to crampe the first sign of a more Foot cramps at night medical nighr. sign in. Daniell HW. Take the quiz to help determine next steps. Nocturnal leg cramps. You'll soon start receiving the latest Mayo Clinic health information you requested in your inbox. Explore careers.
What to know about leg cramps at night

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The Health Encyclopedia contains general health information. Not all treatments or services described are covered benefits for Kaiser Permanente members or offered as services by Kaiser Permanente. For a list of covered benefits, please refer to your Evidence of Coverage or Summary Plan Description.

For recommended treatments, please consult with your health care provider. Want to stay signed on? We are unable to switch you to this area of care.

Preventing Foot Cramps. Skip Navigation. Overview Tips to prevent foot cramps include the following: Take a warm bath and do some stretching exercises before you go to bed if cramps wake you at night. Warm up well and stretch before any activity.

Drink plenty of water before, during, and after you are active. Eat a diet rich in potassium , magnesium , and calcium. Related Information Toe, Foot, and Ankle Problems, Noninjury. Credits Current as of: July 17, Next Section: Related Information ».

Previous Section: « Overview. Next Section: Credits ». Previous Section: « Related Information. Some possible home remedies to find relief in the moment include :. Taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDs , such as ibuprofen or aspirin, will not help ease cramps because cramps are not related to inflammation.

They may help deal with the pain from a cramp but will not relieve the cramps. In some cases, doctors will prescribe medications to treat chronic leg cramps, though the evidence on the effectiveness of these medications is limited.

These include:. On March 21, , Sandoz issued a voluntary recall of 13 lots of the drug orphenadrine citrate milligram mg extended-release ER tablets due to the presence of nitrosamine. Nitrosamine, a known carcinogen with the potential to cause cancer, was found to exist in the drug at levels greater than the acceptable daily intake, as determined by the Food and Drug Administration FDA.

This recall is specific only to a handful of lot numbers and does not affect all orphenadrine tablets made by Sandoz. If a person takes orphenadrine citrate mg ER tablets, they should talk with a pharmacist or doctor, who can help to determine if their medication has been impacted by the recall.

Preventing leg cramps in the long term may be the best option for some people, though this is not always possible. Some people feel they do not experience as many cramps if they do some mild exercises at the end of the day.

This may include activities such as walking or spending a few minutes on a stationary bike before bedtime. Fluids help transport nutrients and waste to and from the muscles.

Drinking fluids, especially water, throughout the day can help prevent cramps by keeping the muscles functioning well. Some people may notice they have less cramping when they wear more supportive shoes. Anyone uncertain about how supportive their footwear is can consult a podiatrist.

Experiencing occasional leg cramps at night is normal and usually not a cause for concern. Simple home remedies may help in the moment, such as flexing the foot, stretching the legs, or massaging the tense muscle.

Anyone experiencing regular leg cramps at night for prolonged periods should contact a doctor for a full diagnosis.

They may prescribe medication or other treatments to manage NLCs and help a person sleep better. If a person experiences them frequently, if they get in the way of daily life, and if home methods do not help, they should speak with a doctor about possible causes and treatments.

Likewise, if the cramps spread to other muscles or become severe, people can contact a doctor for a full diagnosis.

Some sources say that mineral deficiencies cause NLCs. However, there is limited evidence that supplementing with minerals such as magnesium , vitamin B6 , or vitamin E can reduce or relieve these muscle cramps.

Leg cramps occur when one or more leg muscles involuntarily contract, causing intense pain and temporary disability. Learn about the causes…. A muscle cramp is a painful tightness in the muscle that occurs due to a sudden, involuntary contraction. Various factors can cause muscle cramps, but….

Leg pain is a common symptom of injury or disease. Many home remedies can help, but people should consult a doctor about severe pain. Learn more. The popliteal lymph nodes are behind the knee.

Conditions such as infections and autoimmune conditions can cause swelling, but it is rarely due to…. Doctors may recommend the RICE method, pain relievers, braces, and physical therapy to help with ankle pain. Treatment depends on pain severity.

My podcast changed me Can 'biological race' explain disparities in health? Why Parkinson's research is zooming in on the gut Tools General Health Drugs A-Z Health Hubs Health Tools Find a Doctor BMI Calculators and Charts Blood Pressure Chart: Ranges and Guide Breast Cancer: Self-Examination Guide Sleep Calculator Quizzes RA Myths vs Facts Type 2 Diabetes: Managing Blood Sugar Ankylosing Spondylitis Pain: Fact or Fiction Connect About Medical News Today Who We Are Our Editorial Process Content Integrity Conscious Language Newsletters Sign Up Follow Us.

Medical News Today. Health Conditions Health Products Discover Tools Connect. What to know about leg cramps at night. Medically reviewed by Amy Elizabeth Wolkin, PT, DPT, MBA — By Jon Johnson — Updated on October 10, Overview Causes and risk factors Treatment Prevention Summary FAQs Leg cramps at night, or nocturnal leg cramps NLCs , can occur due to inactivity during the day, tired muscles, or certain medical conditions.

What are they? Causes and risk factors. Was this helpful? Preventing leg cramps at night. Frequently asked questions. How we reviewed this article: Sources.

Medical News Today has strict sourcing guidelines and draws only from peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical journals and associations. We avoid using tertiary references.

Foot Cramps at Night: What Causes Them and How to Stop Muscle Cramps Randomised, crossover, Foot cramps at night controlled trial crsmps magnesium citrate in the treatment of dramps persistent leg cramps. Examination findings may Gut health essentials a potential underlying medical cause, such as peripheral Foot cramps at night disease. Nifht experiencing regular leg cramps at night for prolonged periods should contact a doctor for a full diagnosis. Previous Section: « Related Information. Gabapentin treatment for muscle cramps: an open-label trial. Foot cramps can be incredibly annoying and seem to hit you out of nowhere. Talk with your doctor about how much magnesium to take as supplements because not everyone needs more magnesium in their diet.

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