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Selenium best practices

Selenium best practices

Selehium power of Selenium is often harnessed to its bext when Energy consulting services with other testing frameworks Energy consulting services JUnit or TestNG. Moreover, understanding the dynamics of the webpage and the events triggering the changes in these elements can provide valuable insights. It is not recommended to use WebDriver to perform link spidering - in other words, to spider through links.

Selenium best practices -

License Portal Open in new tab. Store Open in new tab. Migrating to Jira Cloud? Learn more. Join the TestComplete Introductory Training on March 22 to get started with the product easily. Calling Zephyr Scale users to contribute to the product and community. Selenium Best Practices. Applies to CrossBrowserTesting SaaS , last modified on January 10, Use the right locators At the heart of the Selenium framework is interaction with the browser, letting you navigate, click, type and check different objects within the DOM using a few set actions.

It does this using several different types of locators: Class ID Link Text PartPartial Link Textial Tag Name XPath Selecting the right locators can be the difference between a test script that is flexible and successful, and a brittle test that breaks on the slightest UI change.

The page object model has two core advantages: There is clean separation between test code and page specific code such as locators or their use if you're using a UI map and layout. There is single repository for the services or operations offered by the page rather than having these services scattered through out the tests.

While we run monthly webinars to get you up and running with Selenium, here are a few of our favorites: SeleniumEasy Automate The Planet.

Is this page helpful? Thank you! Highlight search results. If these functionalities fail, there will be no point in testing the search functionality or payment process as it would all fail due to their dependency. There is just no easy workaround when it comes to testing a website or an application across a variety of devices and browsers.

The devices are further split based on the operating system they use as well. Just like knowing what to automate, it is important to figure out the high-priority combinations that are used by your target audience.

So create a Browser Compatibility Matrix by performing a product analysis to obtain detailed insights. Trying to perform automation testing with Selenium without narrowing down your target will not only be a cumbersome task, but it will also be a waste of time and resources.

Though you are able to narrow down the device combinations, you will not always have the time to test everything one by one. Almost all major test frameworks, such as PyTest, PyUnit, TestNG, Cucumber, and so on support simultaneous testing on a Selenium Grid.

If you are not familiar with the concept of creating a Selenium Grid for distributed execution , make sure to read our conclusive blog.

It would be a mistake to assume that the following test will utilize Firefox WebDriver in that situation or Chrome WebDriver or any other WebDriver. When running integration tests in a continuous build environment, the test will only get a RemoteDriver object i.

Using parameter notes to manage multiple browser types and prepare the code ready for simultaneous execution is one of the Selenium best practices or parallel testing. LabelledParameterized Parameters in TestNG and RunWith in JUnit may be used to build small frameworks in Selenium.

As one of the best test automation companies, we always make sure our scripts are easy to maintain by implementing the following Selenium best practices. So the locators for certain UI components will vary as well.

This implies that QAs have to once again create new test cases for the same page or make numerous changes at various places of the script, which can be time-consuming.

So you can employ the Page Object Model design pattern to create test scripts and overcome this issue. In this approach, each web page is considered a class file in the design pattern, and each class file contains related web components.

This method greatly increases the reusability of the code while also making test maintenance easier. Read our complete guide to page object model in Selenium before you implement it. Since the testers can never be sure of the results, they will lose trust in the code and end up re-running the scripts, or debugging the scripts even though there might not be an actual defect.

So make sure to quarantine such tests from your other tests. Once they are separated, make sure to analyze them and fix them before you bring them back to your test suite as flaky tests can disrupt your entire automation test suite with false positives and negatives.

You might be using various web locators such as XPath and ID to locate different web elements on the page. So the code that is regularly used in the implementation should be separated into its own API to reduce code duplication.

By following this approach, you will be able to reduce the code size and enhance maintainability. Page Objects, Helper functions, and file s that include web locator information needed in test scenarios may all be found in the Src folder. The actual test implementation can be stored in the test folder.

Selenium best practices, on the other hand, proposes that we have a directory structure that isolates the test implementation from the test automation framework. Hard coding test values in test automation scripts are extremely troublesome and not scalable in any way. But you can avoid the various disadvantages like code duplication by implementing data-driven testing by using Parameterization.

It aids in the execution of test cases that have a variety of inputs or data sets. Improper naming of your web elements in your automation script could lead to a lot of unnecessary confusion.

You may not face any issues as long as you are the only person using the script, but you have to ensure that your script can be used by anybody. Effective naming eases code maintenance by also making it easier to find the web element you are looking for in your code.

Add prefixes to the name of your web elements as shown in the below table as it describes the type of web elements being used.

In addition to that, you can name the web element based on how it appears in the UI. Camel case is nothing but a typing convention like lower case and upper case in which the first letter of every word is capitalized. Creating proper documentation for your automation tests in Selenium is as important as any of the other Selenium best practices we have discussed thus far.

Automation Test Script running into failures is an eventuality. But we will not be sure if the failure is due to a defect in the Application Under Test AUT or if there is a problem with our code. With so many web locators, it is necessary to choose the right one to minimize the impact on tests caused due to changes in the user interface.

Link Text is usually preferred if there is a dynamic situation. ID, Class, and Name are not only the easiest to use but also less brittle than other web locators. There are situations where the only option left is XPath. XPath engines might vary from one browser to another.

Hence, there is no guarantee that XPath for one browser would work seamlessly for another browser. A browser like Internet Explorer does not have a native XPath engine for locating web elements. Hence, JavaScript XPath Query Engine usually is used for finding elements by XPath in IE.

This will be slower than the native XPath engine. XPath is more brittle as reordering elements in a page or introducing a new web element can cause the existing implementation with XPath to fail. If XPath is the only option, you should use Relative XPath instead of Absolute XPath.

For testing internationalized applications, we might not be able to use LinkText or partialLinkText if the anchor tags do not contain any ID or class. For localization or internationalization testing, partial href should be used so that even if the language on the site changes, the href link still points to the same location.

Create a Browser Compatibility Matrix for cross browser testing. To start with, it is a challenging task to narrow down a list of browsers browser versions, too and operating systems to run automated tests on.

To manage this task, it is recommended that you use a browser compatibility matrix. Cross Browser testing is a challenging task as you need to prioritize testing on different browser plus OS combinations. If we include browsers and their browser versions, it would add up to a vast number.

This formalized list is also called Browser Matrix or Browser Compatibility Matrix. Browser Matrix is vital information drawn from product analytics, geolocation, and other detailed insights about audience usage patterns, stats counter, and competitor analysis.

Browser Matrix will help cover all the relevant browsers that matter to your product , thereby reducing the development and testing efforts. Required Data points for Browser Compatibility Matrix. When drafting a browser compatibility matrix, you need to get certain data points around which your whole strategy will revolve.

Platform defines the means by which your user is accessing your website. It can be either laptop, desktop, mobile, or a tablet.

You need to be sure what is the most liked platform by your audience and ensuring its compatibility is utmost important. If the user is using desktop for the same, better note what browser is the maximum used browser for a specific geo.

Check for all combinations of mostly used browsers with different windows and mac operating systems. If the users love to surf on mobile, you need to ensure the mostly used browser there and again the browser, and mobile devices combinations.

Figure out what your users are preferring over the other and take the preferred ones into immediate attention. You must know what are the best combinations for your users in every aspect.

Collating data from the sources listed above will help teams better understand their audience local or global. Once the matrix has been determined, developers and QAs need to ensure that their development and test efforts are focused on the finalized set of browsers.

Once the application is developed, QAs need to test this software application on real device-browser combinations rather than emulators. This helps them test software in real user conditions and explore bugs that an end-user may encounter in the real world.

You can see a sample browser compatibility matrix below. Version tested. Operating system. Support level. Google Chrome. Latest stable release. Windows Mozilla Firefox. Mac OS X Internet Explorer.

Implement Logging and Reporting. If a particular test in an extensive test suite fails, it can become challenging to locate the failing test case. Logging can be a huge savior in such cases as console logs at appropriate places in the test code help develop a better understanding of the code and help in zeroing on the problem.

Some of the popular log levels debug, info, warning, error, and critical. Adding unnecessary logs in the test implementation can cause delays in the test execution. This is where automation test reports can play a huge role as it helps in keeping track of the progression of test suites or test cases and corresponding test results.

Reports also help minimize the time required for the maintenance of test data due to improvement in the readability of the test output. Analyzing features and accessing test coverage becomes easy with automation test reports. Selenium test automation without logging and reporting defeats the sole purpose of using the Selenium framework.

That is why logging and reporting are considered one of the best test practices in automation. Use Design pattern and principles. When writing Selenium test automation scripts, you must keep a check on its maintainability and scalability.

This is possible if changes in the web page UI requires minimal or no changes in the test script. Suppose the scripts are not appropriately maintained, i.

different scripts using the same web element. In that case, whenever there is a change in the web element, corresponding changes must be made at multiple places in the test script. This is where Page Objects, a popular web UI automation pattern, comes handy as it enhances test maintenance and reduces code duplication.

In-Page Object Model POM , a centralized object repository is created for controls on a web page. The web page is implemented as a separate class. Hence, every web page being tested will have its corresponding page object class.

Along with better maintainability, using POM helps in reducing the code size as page object methods defined in different page classes can be reused across multiple test automation scripts. Leveraging Page Object Model is one of the Selenium best practices that can aid in:.

Improving test maintenance. Minimizing code changes due to updates in product UI. Enhancing code reusability. Simplifying the visualization and model of the web page under test. Use BDD Framework with Selenium. Behavior Driven Development, popularly called BDD, is a popular development approach that helps in writing test cases in plain English language called Gherkin.

This means that along with developers and testers, members with minimal technical know-how can participate in the development of tests. BDD frameworks help in filling the void between business people and technical people as all of them get the opportunity to work on the enhancement of the tests.

Gherkin files created for BDD testing consist of a combination of features, steps, and scenarios, along with relevant Gherkin keywords such as Given, When, Then, etc.

The format of feature files and keywords being used is uniform irrespective of the BDD framework being used. This makes it easier to shift from one BDD framework to another as the learning curve is very low. BDD tests are more usable when compared to TDD tests as changes in business specification or feature specification would involve minimal changes in corresponding BDD features and scenarios.

When compared to TDD Test Driven Development , BDD tests have an improved shelf-life as tests are created using business and feature specifications.

Some of the popular BDD frameworks are Cucumber, Behave, SpecFlow, etc. Follow a uniform directory structure. A standard project can consist of src and Test folders. The src folder can contain sub-directories that contain Page Objects, Helper functions, and files that contain web locator information used in test scenarios.

The Test folder can include the actual test implementation. However, Selenium best practices recommend us to have a directory structure that separates the test implementation from the test automation framework.

Before you begin, prsctices the latest Selenium IDE extension for Mozilla Firefox. Also Quercetin and weight loss should familiarize yourself Selnium Quercetin and weight loss testing by referencing the following:. Quercetin and weight loss Pure and effective skincare Selenium IDE in Firefox. Record a web transaction. Play back the web transaction in the Selenium IDE to determine if it is successful. Edit the steps in the recorded transaction to create a robust test, and ensure that it can be played back at full speed. Save the Test Case HTML file.

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Having constant communication across teams can help QA plan for changes to the UI of a website or application mandated from Marketing or the Design team.

Having small conversations about the front-end aspect of your app decreases the chance of surprise UI changes that will go untested. A popular test automation design pattern, the page object model will help you make robust testing frameworks that are resistant to small tweaks in the UI.

The page object model has two core advantages:. In both cases this allows any modifications required due to UI changes to all be made in one place. See Selenium Easy's explanation and example:.

cssSelector ". Testing one single action or process, independent of any other tests is known as atomic testing. This testing strategy will keep you from making chained, brittle tests.

Chaining together tests, while saving time upfront, can be a huge hindrance to an agile or CI workflow. Keep tests as small as possible.

Selenium can be tough to learn because it requires a certain amount of tangential knowledge. You have to have some understanding of programming and to truly be a skilled Selenium tester, an understanding of test automation best practices.

Luckily, there are some fantastic resources available on the Internet to learn from. While we run monthly webinars to get you up and running with Selenium, here are a few of our favorites:. Switch To: SmartBear. com Open in new tab. Academy Open in new tab.

Community Open in new tab. License Portal Open in new tab. Store Open in new tab. Migrating to Jira Cloud? Learn more. Join the TestComplete Introductory Training on March 22 to get started with the product easily. Calling Zephyr Scale users to contribute to the product and community. Selenium Best Practices.

Applies to CrossBrowserTesting SaaSlast modified on January 10, Use the right locators At the heart of the Selenium framework is interaction with the browser, letting you navigate, click, type and check different objects within the DOM using a few set actions.

It does this using several different types of locators: Class ID Link Text PartPartial Link Textial Tag Name XPath Selecting the right locators can be the difference between a test script that is flexible and successful, and a brittle test that breaks on the slightest UI change.

The page object model has two core advantages: There is clean separation between test code and page specific code such as locators or their use if you're using a UI map and layout.

There is single repository for the services or operations offered by the page rather than having these services scattered through out the tests. While we run monthly webinars to get you up and running with Selenium, here are a few of our favorites: SeleniumEasy Automate The Planet.

Is this page helpful? Thank you! Highlight search results. Highlight search results Highlight search results.

: Selenium best practices

The Must-Know Selenium Best Practices for Successful Test Automation Mastering Gluten-free options for automation testing is Plyometric exercises training pathway practicse elevating software beat Quercetin and weight loss endeavors. Regularly Selenuum Selenium best practices components, leveraging headless browsers, and Quercetin and weight loss the hest of driver. Selenium Selebium like TestNG pracices annotations like Parameters, Selejium JUnit provides annotations like RunWith, which helps in running tests on multiple Seleniu, and corresponding drivers. While mastering Selenium is instrumental in handling a variety of automation testing scenarios, especially for web applications, it is often beneficial to complement Selenium skills with knowledge of other tools and frameworks, as well as an understanding of API testing, mobile testing, and other testing domains to address the full spectrum of automation testing needs. Listen to this blog. Some of the popular log levels available in popular programming languages are debug, info, warning, error, and critical. The test case prioritization of regression testing is done taking into account the business requirements, previous test cycle experience on functioning of the existing features, and the delivery timelines.
Mastering Selenium Automation Testing: Tips, Tricks, and Best Practices

ID and name locators are usually the most reliable, and they offer faster execution than CSS and XPath locators. Also Read: Locators in selenium. Writing Selenium tests are about testing the software on multiple data permutations and combinations. Therefore, Selenium tests should be data-driven, and multiple data points should drive all tests.

A data-driven framework helps achieve this and allows tests to be easily maintained. Web elements or pages may take a little time to load, and it is essential to give a specific wait time to the script to avoid failure. Selenium provides two types of waits: Implicit and Explicit waits.

Both wait to halt the execution of the script until it finds the element. The difference is that Implicit wait applies globally to the whole script, and it can sometimes cause unnecessary delays, which can lead to slower test execution. While explicit wait only applies to specific web elements.

It is also more precise and helps avoid unnecessary delays. Cross-browser testing is a critical aspect of testing. Depending on business needs, tests should run on multiple browsers or specific browsers. Selenium frameworks like TestNG provide annotations like Parameters, and JUnit provides annotations like RunWith, which helps in running tests on multiple browsers and corresponding drivers.

To write good tests, it is crucial to validate them. Selenium tests should be validated using assertions provided in frameworks like TestNG and JUnit.

Selenium automation aims to reduce manual testing efforts, increase execution, and identify most bugs promptly. However, to get the most out of their Selenium scripts, QAs must adhere to the above-mentioned Selenium best practices so that Selenium tests with Java can be reliable, efficient, and easily maintainable.

Selenium with Java automation testing has made life easier for developers and testers. Being an open-source tool, it allows for faster execution and eliminates manual repetition and errors.

Furthermore, learning Selenium with Java improves testing, particularly in regression and cross-browser testing. With additional plugins to Selenium, testing has become more accessible and less time-consuming.

Always determine your goals as a tester and decide on which test case to automate first. Always go with testing the cases that include colors, layouts, and fonts first. Later, you can move ahead to other test cases as well but in a synchronized order.

There are many different types of selenium testing tools available for quality testing. But you need to be precise about which is essential for you. Consider the needs and requirements of the clients along with the compatibility of the software before you choose the right selenium tool.

The business owners might want to change a few elements in the software over time. In that case, if you are testing on those unstable elements that are more likely to get changed over time, you might need to test them over and over again. So, it is better not to automate the test for unstable elements.

GUI automation should be avoided if there are alternate options because too much of it makes an irreversible mess in the software.

The automation engineers will help derive the required UI tests that can go for automation. Read Also: Mobile Test Automation Best Practices.

Put up short release cycles, which will eventually give it quicker market time for more feedback. You will get continuous feedback from functional experts, testers, stakeholders, and others to ensure spotting and rectifying errors on priority.

As per the analysis of the Leading Selenium Automation Testing Company in the USA, These are a few of the test automation practices for selenium automation testing that the software testers must implement with selenium testing to avail its best perks.

We hope our automation testing best practices are helpful for QA professionals to ensure that no bugs in the code. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Domains Hire QA Tester. Blogs Testimonials Case Study. Hit enter to search or ESC to close. Close Search. Blogs Software Testing guidance Top 10 Selenium Test Automation Best Practices By Parimal Kumar October 10, February 7th, No Comments 4 min read. Time wasted on erroneous filenames and code issues has a far greater impact negatively.

A standard project can consist of Src and Test folders. The Src folder can contain subdirectories containing Page Objects, Helper functions, and file s containing web locator information used in test scenarios.

The Test folder can include the actual test implementation. Data-Driven Testing. With Selenium testing, you can use a Data-Driven Framework, a Keyword Driven Framework, or a Hybrid of both.

Data-Driven frameworks are more effective in how the dataset is separated from actual test code. Input test data is taken from external sources Excel, CSV, etc. A website or web application should be tested against different combinations of browsers, devices, and OS combinations i.

Hard coding of test values in test automation scripts is not a scalable solution as it would lead to unnecessary bloatware and possible repetition of test code. A better solution is using parameterization for achieving data-driven automation testing with Selenium.

Parameterization helps in executing test cases against different input combinations or data sets. For example:. Use Assert and Verify-in Appropriate Scenarios. Avoid Code Duplication or Wrap Selenium Calls.

Leverage Parallel Testing in Selenium. This write examples for JUnit and TestNG. In this article, we looked at some of the Selenium best practices. When coming up with Selenium test scenarios, you should always remember that Selenium is ideal for automation testing, so do not use the same for other types of testing since it might read favorable results.

My top languages are Java and Swift. Open in app Sign up Sign in. Sign up Sign in. The best practices test automation with Selenium WebDriver. Published in ITNEXT. Selenium Webdriver. Automation Testing. Tips And Tricks. Written by Anton Smirnov. More from Anton Smirnov and ITNEXT.

How to run a headless Chrome browser in Selenium WebDriver.

How to run a headless Chrome browser in Selenium WebDriver.

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Resource Center AI Center Blog Case Study Articles Datasheet E-books Infographics Podcasts Press Releases Videos Webinars Whitepaper Salesforce Prediction. There is a single repository for the services or operations offered by the page rather than having these services scattered throughout the tests.

For example you have a LoginPage that you can reuse in your entire integration test. xpath are often brittle. GUI automation should be avoided if there are alternate options because too much of it makes an irreversible mess in the software. The automation engineers will help derive the required UI tests that can go for automation.

Read Also: Mobile Test Automation Best Practices. Put up short release cycles, which will eventually give it quicker market time for more feedback. You will get continuous feedback from functional experts, testers, stakeholders, and others to ensure spotting and rectifying errors on priority.

As per the analysis of the Leading Selenium Automation Testing Company in the USA, These are a few of the test automation practices for selenium automation testing that the software testers must implement with selenium testing to avail its best perks. We hope our automation testing best practices are helpful for QA professionals to ensure that no bugs in the code.

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Domains Hire QA Tester. Blogs Testimonials Case Study. Hit enter to search or ESC to close. Close Search. Blogs Software Testing guidance Top 10 Selenium Test Automation Best Practices By Parimal Kumar October 10, February 7th, No Comments 4 min read.

What Is Selenium Automation Testing? Selenium is the most used open-source test automation tool of software testing that offers all kinds of testing functionality in order to deliver quality application A few tools form this suite, including Selenium RC, Selenium IDE, Selenium Webdriver, and Selenium Grid.

Official Website: Selenium What Are The Best Practices for Selenium Automation Testing? Prefer Early Testing 7 Repetitive Testing One of the selenium best practices for availing of the best perks of selenium testing is to do early testing and repetitive testing.

Use of BDD Framework While considering selenium best practices, behavior-driven development is one of the most used development approaches for selenium testing that enables testers to prepare automation cases easily. Task Division Task assigning is yet another important practice that you need to avail of Selenium Testing.

Set up Test Reports The improvement is only possible if you can keep track of what is going on during the testing process. Test Design Prior Automation Keep in mind to create the test cases or scenarios before you set it up for selenium test automation.

Test Identification Always determine your goals as a tester and decide on which test case to automate first. But what if the webpage that has to be tested loads in just 3 seconds? Or what if the webpage took 7 seconds to load? You will either be wasting time or getting inaccurate results because of this approach.

But you can prevent such issues by utilizing implicit or explicit waits. Here WebDriverWait is the class, and new is the reference variable. It will either for the defined amount or for the expected condition to be fulfilled. This is just a sample and you can use the same concept with the other available expected conditions.

Though there are various options, we have listed a few below,. By now you would have understood why we have included the usage of the wait commands in our list of Selenium best practices. Beyond the explicit wait, there are also implicit and fluent wait commands that give you more options. Implicit: The WebDriver is advised to keep polling the DOM until the element search is complete.

By default, the time is set to 0. Fluent: It waits for a specified maximum amount of time for a specific condition. We have mentioned a sampe snippet that will wait for 30 seconds and check the condition every 5 seconds.

But what if all the boxes of apples are rotten already? Will there be any use in putting all the effort and time to get the apple to the market only for it to go unsold? Likewise, there will be various scenarios where there are hard fails that will compromise the rest of the execution.

Please keep in mind that Asserts should only be used if you want to stop the test execution when a hard failure occurs. If the assert condition is false, the execution will come to a halt, and no more tests will be run.

So it is important to identify such bottlenecks and ensure that you use Asserts to save time. If these functionalities fail, there will be no point in testing the search functionality or payment process as it would all fail due to their dependency. There is just no easy workaround when it comes to testing a website or an application across a variety of devices and browsers.

The devices are further split based on the operating system they use as well. Just like knowing what to automate, it is important to figure out the high-priority combinations that are used by your target audience.

So create a Browser Compatibility Matrix by performing a product analysis to obtain detailed insights. Trying to perform automation testing with Selenium without narrowing down your target will not only be a cumbersome task, but it will also be a waste of time and resources.

Though you are able to narrow down the device combinations, you will not always have the time to test everything one by one.

Almost all major test frameworks, such as PyTest, PyUnit, TestNG, Cucumber, and so on support simultaneous testing on a Selenium Grid.

If you are not familiar with the concept of creating a Selenium Grid for distributed execution , make sure to read our conclusive blog. It would be a mistake to assume that the following test will utilize Firefox WebDriver in that situation or Chrome WebDriver or any other WebDriver.

When running integration tests in a continuous build environment, the test will only get a RemoteDriver object i. Using parameter notes to manage multiple browser types and prepare the code ready for simultaneous execution is one of the Selenium best practices or parallel testing. LabelledParameterized Parameters in TestNG and RunWith in JUnit may be used to build small frameworks in Selenium.

As one of the best test automation companies, we always make sure our scripts are easy to maintain by implementing the following Selenium best practices. So the locators for certain UI components will vary as well. This implies that QAs have to once again create new test cases for the same page or make numerous changes at various places of the script, which can be time-consuming.

So you can employ the Page Object Model design pattern to create test scripts and overcome this issue. In this approach, each web page is considered a class file in the design pattern, and each class file contains related web components.

This method greatly increases the reusability of the code while also making test maintenance easier. Read our complete guide to page object model in Selenium before you implement it. Since the testers can never be sure of the results, they will lose trust in the code and end up re-running the scripts, or debugging the scripts even though there might not be an actual defect.

Selenium best practices Software developers make use Selenium best practices diverse tools to execute the test Energy consulting services. As the generation has advanced today, practifes are Seleniym automated tools available for prachices purpose. Sekenium working on a Weight assessment tools automation plan, Selenium testing is one such suite used for adequate testing measures. In this article, we are going to list out top test automation best practices for the Selenium test automation framework that are being adopted by Top Selenium Automation Testing Company. Before starting with the actual point. Selenium is the most used open-source test automation tool of software testing that offers all kinds of testing functionality in order to deliver quality application.

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